Debt Ratios for Residential Lending
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Lenders use a ratio called "debt to income" to determine the most you can pay monthly after your other recurring debts are paid.
About the qualifying ratio
For the most part, conventional mortgages require a qualifying ratio of 28/36. An FHA loan will usually allow for a higher debt load, reflected in a higher (29/41) ratio.
In these ratios, the first number is how much (by percent) of your gross monthly income that can be spent on housing. This ratio is figured on your total payment, including homeowners' insurance, HOA dues, Private Mortgage Insurance - everything that constitutes the full payment.
The second number in the ratio is the maximum percentage of your gross monthly income that should be spent on housing costs and recurring debt together. Recurring debt includes credit card payments, auto payments, child support, et cetera.
Some example data:
- Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .28 = $1,260 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .36 = $1,620 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio
- Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .29 = $1,305 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .41 = $1,845 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
If you'd like to run your own numbers, feel free to use our Loan Pre-Qualification Calculator.
Don't forget these are just guidelines. We'd be thrilled to go over pre-qualification to determine how much you can afford.